PABA (Para Aminobenzoic Acid)
Important for the formation of red blood cells. Aids in the conversion
of protein into energy. Necessary for healthy skin, and hair
Pantothenic Acid (VitaminB-5)
A vitamin which supports carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism;
hemoglobin synthesis. Helps release energy from protein, carbohydrates,
and fat. Needed to support a variety of body functions, including
the maintenance of a healthy digestive system. See: Pantothenic Acid
Peptide Bonded Amino Acids
Amino acids which are only partially separated from other amino
acids. Usually found in chains and joined by peptide bound.
Potential of hydrogen. A scale used to measure the relative acidity
or alkalinity of substances.
An amino acid, one of the main ingredients to enhance brain function.
It has also been used to relieve stress. See: L-Phenylalanine
An inherited disorder caused by a lack of an enzyme necessary
to convert the amino acid phenylalanine into another amino acid,
tyrosine, so that excesses can be eliminated from the body. A
build up of excess phenylalanine in the blood can lead to neurological
disturbances and mental retardation.
A phospholipid. An ingredient which may block cortisol (a hormone
which breaks down muscle cells into fuel). Also reported to increase
levels of glucose, the brain's energy source. See: Phosphatidyl Serine
This mineral is used for bone and tooth formation, cell growth
and repair, heart muscle contractions, energy production, calcium
and sugar metabolism and kidney function.
Any of many substances present in fruits and vegetables that
have various health promoting properties. Some phytochemicals
appear to protect against certain types of cancer.
A pharmacologically inactive substance primarily used in experiments
to provide a basis for comparison with pharmacologically active
Substance found in flowers and harvested by bees. Contains all
22 amino acids and 96 other nutrients. Helps boost energy and
This mineral is used for muscle contraction and relaxation, enzyme
activation, heart beat, and growth. See: Potassium Chelate
A substance which is converted to another; i.e. Beta Carotene
to Vitamin A as it is assimilated by the body.
The "mother" steroid hormone from which most other
steroid (sex) hormones are made, including DHEA. Has beneficial
neurotransmitter effects. See: Pregnenolone
Potent antioxidant phytonutrient found in some pine needles (pycnogenol®)
and grape seeds and skins (grape seed extract), it is especially
synergistic with vitamin C making them more powerful antioxidants
together than by themselves. See: Grape Seed
Any of a number of hormone-like chemicals that are made in the
body from essential fatty acids and that have important effects
on target organs. They influence the secretion of hormones and
enzymes, and are important in regulating the inflammatory response,
blood pressure, and blood clotting time.
Male sex gland located at the base of the urinary bladder. It
produces a fluid that is added to sperm to produce semen.
Any of numerous naturally occurring extremely complex combinations
of amino acids that contain the elements carbon, oxygen, sulfur,
iron, phosphorus, and/or other elements that are essential constituents
of all living cells and are synthesized from raw materials by
plants but assimilated as separate amino acids.
Necessary component for body's blood clotting mechanism.
A chronic skin disease characterized by scaly, reddish patches.
A natural extract from pine trees. Pycnogenol® is a powerful antioxidant
and the most readily absorbed and bioavailable member of the
bioflavonoid family. See: Pycnogenol®
Pygeum is also known as African Pygeum. It is a large evergreen
tree that grows in the high plateaus of southern Africa. The
bark contains three groups of active constituents: phytosterols
(including beta-sitosterol), pentacyclic triterpenoids (including
ursolic and oleaic acids) and ferulic esters of long-chain fatty
alcohol (including ferulic esters of docosanol and tetracosanol).
See: Pygeum/Saw Palmetto
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B-6)
A vitamin which supports glycogen and nitrogen metabolism, production
and transport of amino acids, production and maintenance of red
blood cells (hemoglobin) Essential for the body's utilization
of protein. Needed for the production of red blood cells, nerve
tissues, and antibodies. Women taking oral contraceptives have
lower levels of B-6. See: Pyridoxine HCL
A key energy metabolite for the breakdown of fuel ( glucose,
fatty acids, amino acids, etc.) to energy in our bodies, pyruvate
can give us increased energy, assist in burning fat as fuel,
and have anticatabolic effects (such as producing alanine). See: